AMD Ryzen 3 3100 and 3300X overview: the brand new price range champions?

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AMD’s third-generation Ryzen processors have been one thing of a revelation within the PC {hardware} house, providing a successful mix of worth and efficiency for content material creation and gaming alike – however these chips have not been obtainable in any respect worth factors. Whereas AMD added to its high-end choices with the discharge of the 3950X, builders of price range techniques have needed to both stump up $200 for the mid-range Ryzen 5 3600 or settle for the compromises of an older first or second-gen Ryzen CPU. That adjustments right this moment with the discharge of the $100/£95 Ryzen 3 3100 and $120/£115 Ryzen 3 3300X.

These mainstream processors might develop into a quick favorite with system builders, and look far more succesful than their predecessors thanks to some key developments. Firstly, each CPUs boast 4 Zen 2 cores, so they need to supply noticeably higher single-threaded efficiency than their Zen and Zen+ predecessors from earlier Ryzen generations. The effectivity benefits inherent in switching from a 12nm to a 7nm course of additionally permit for increased increase frequencies, that are set at 3.9GHz on the 3100 and 4GHz flat on the 3300X. These CPUs additionally assist SMT (simultaneous multithreading), a primary for a Ryzen Three processor. Having eight threads obtainable ought to make these chips higher fitted to content material creation roles, and will assist in video games constructed on extra fashionable engines as effectively.

These adjustments alone ought to end in a giant shift in efficiency, however there are extra refined upgrades right here too. The L3 cache on the 3300X has doubled in dimension in comparison with the 2300X, for instance. Which means these processors needn’t depend on information being streamed in from RAM as usually, which quickens processing and helps these chips pair higher with slower-frequency RAM. Regardless of these developments, TDP stays at 65W, with the included Wraith Stealth cooler obviating the necessity for a third-party AiO or air cooler for many use instances.

All of this seems to be promising, however solely the crucible of real-world testing will decide whether or not these chips can stay as much as their potential in what’s an intensely aggressive house. Fortunately, we have had the Ryzen 3100 and 3300X in hand for the previous few weeks to reply that query.

The 3100 and 3300X overview in handy video type.

AMD mannequin Cores/Threads TDP Base/Increase Cache Worth
Ryzen 9 3950X 16/32 105W 3.5GHz/4.7GHz 73MB $749
Ryzen 9 3900X 12/24 105W 3.8GHz/4.6GHz 70MB $499
Ryzen 7 3800X 8/16 105W 3.9GHz/4.5GHz 36MB $399
Ryzen 7 3700X 8/16 65W 3.6GHz/4.4GHz 36MB $329
Ryzen 5 3600X 6/12 95W 3.8GHz/4.4GHz 35MB $249
Ryzen 5 3600 6/12 65W 3.6GHz/4.2GHz 35MB $200
Ryzen 3 3300X 4/8 65W 3.8GHz/4.3GHz 18MB $120
Ryzen 3 3100 4/8 65W 3.6GHz/3.9GHz 18MB $99

As traditional, the majority of our efficiency testing can be in video games, the place we have chosen a gauntlet of CPU-intensive titles from the previous decade, however we’ll additionally take a quick take a look at content material creation duties – in any case, with 4 Zen 2 cores and eight threads we have a stage of efficiency that early YouTubers might solely dream of.

Whereas the Ryzen 3 3100 and 3300X are the celebrities of the present, we have additionally included outcomes from higher-end AMD and Intel processors to supply some much-needed context. Afterward within the overview, we take a particular take a look at some similarly-priced rivals together with the Ryzen 5 2600, the Ryzen 5 3400G and – extremely – Intel’s Core i7 7700Okay, a four-core, eight-thread flagship from 2017, with one thing very related about to hit the market courtesy of Intel’s upcoming 10th gen Core i3 line.

The Ryzen 3 3100 and 3300X use the identical AM4 socket as prior Zen-based choices, and work with any motherboard that helps third-gen Ryzen.

To offer these chips a good take a look at, we used our customary Home windows 10 set up (with the latest safety patches and AMD chipset drivers put in) on quick NVMe storage – particularly, the XPG Spectrix S40G (our decide for the very best NVMe SSD with RGB). Our main AMD benchmarking was carried out on the Asus ROG Crosshair 7 X470 motherboard, with supplementary testing on the MSI MPG X570 Gaming Plus and Asus ROG Crosshair 8. Our Core processors have been examined on an Asus ROG Maximus XI Excessive, aside from the Core i7 7700Okay, which necessitated a transfer again to the traditional MSI Z170A Gaming M7.

The Ryzen processors have been cooled by AMD’s Wraith Prism cooler, a barely higher model of the Wraith Stealth that comes bundled with the 3100 and 3300X. On the Intel facet of issues, a Gaming Storm Fort 240mm AiO was used. Our setup was rounded out with G.Ability Trident Z Royal 3600MHz CL16 RAM supplied by AMD, a dependable 850W Gaming Storm PSU and an open-air take a look at bench.

The take a look at system makes use of a MSI MPG X570 Gaming Plus with the out-of-the-box cooler paired with bling-heavy GSkill Trident Z 3600MHz DDR4.

Earlier than we get into sport testing, it is price taking a look at how the 3100 and 3300X evaluate to one another and their dearer rivals in content material creation duties like video rendering, transcoding and extra. For this, we opted to make use of the favored Cinebench R20 utility, which replicates a rendering job in industrial-grade video software program Cinema 4D.

The outcomes listed here are instantly attention-grabbing. Regardless of costing lower than each different CPU represented, the 3100 manages to tie the Core i5 9600Okay in single-core efficiency and outperform the Ryzen 2600 and 2700X by round 12 per cent. The 3300X is much more spectacular, with a single-core rating that exceeds the Core i7 9700Okay and solely falls behind the Ryzen 9 3900X and Core i9 9900Okay. The multi-threaded outcomes are a special story although, with the 4 bodily cores and eight threads of the 3300X managing rather less than 2600 factors. That is near the Core i5 9600Okay, however the higher core counts of the remainder of AMD’s lineup translate into large efficiency wins. Nonetheless, we ought to be cheap – these are $100 and $120 processors, in any case.

One other widespread process for video producers is transcoding, which is changing a digital video file from one format into one other. Handbrake is a well-liked open supply utility for doing simply that, and it kinds the premise of our subsequent take a look at. Right here, a supply file is encoded utilizing the Manufacturing Commonplace preset and CRF 18 high quality setting utilizing two completely different encoders – x264 (h.264) and x265 (HEVC) – with the typical frame-rate recorded and complete system energy utilization measured on the wall.

The outcomes right here observe the sooner Cinebench scores, with the brand new Ryzen chips performing respectively however solely actually difficult the six-core, six-thread Core i5 9600Okay when it comes to encoding pace and dropping out in opposition to their Core i7 and current-generation Ryzen 5 competitors.

The comparability between the Ryzen 3 3100 and Ryzen 5 2600 is maybe essentially the most attention-grabbing, with the older Zen+ design recording a sooner h.264 encode charge however the smaller variety of Zen 2 cores within the 3100 edging a slender victory within the HEVC take a look at. This latter take a look at makes use of the AVX instruction set, which was one space AMD known as out as being a selected level of focus with Zen 2 – and you may see the outcomes, with our $100 Ryzen 3100 beating out the (initially) $200 Ryzen 5 2600.

Word that the 3300X is barely about 10 per cent sooner than the 3100 whereas costing 20 per cent extra, so the 3100 is the higher bang-for-buck choice for video encoding on a budget. Lastly, each new Ryzen CPUs sip energy, with our full techniques drawing solely round 120W at full tilt.

CB R20 1T CB R20 MT HB h.264 HB HEVC HEVC Energy Use
Ryzen 9 3900X 514 7032 51.80fps 20.29fps 228W
Ryzen 7 3700X 494 4730 35.05fps 14.67fps 152W
Ryzen 5 3600X 490 3705 27.54fps 11.81fps 149W
Ryzen 3 3300X 503 2577 18.89fps 8.25fps 120W
Ryzen 3 3100 449 2328 17.32fps 7.44fps 118W
Ryzen 7 2700X 408 3865 27.31fps 10.04fps 224W
Ryzen 5 2600 399 2810 20.39fps 7.09fps 130W
Core i9 9900Okay 520 5090 37.87fps 16.22fps 266W
Core i7 9700Okay 486 3759 28.77fps 13.12fps 171W
Core i5 9600Okay 450 2603 20.70fps 9.46fps 132W

Whereas these processors might develop into wonderful low-cost modifying rigs, we’re guessing that almost all consumers can be trying to play some video games – and that is the place we’re headed subsequent. The sturdy single-threaded Cinebench outcomes counsel that the 3100 and 3300X might do effectively even in additional naïve sport engines that do not scale effectively to a number of threads, whereas the 4 bodily cores and eight logical cores ought to be sufficient to deal with extra fashionable titles as effectively – however will these chips be as simple to suggest as our present worth champion, the Ryzen 5 3600?

To search out out, we examined every sport in scenes that harassed the CPU at 1080p, 1440p and 2160p. With a purpose to be sure that every processor was in a position to carry out to its full potential, we paired it with the quickest client GPU obtainable, the RTX 2080 Ti. Whereas this mixture ensures that even refined variations in processor efficiency are teased into visibility, we would count on related gulfs in efficiency even from extra modest GPUs at 1080p. To offer you some perception right here, an RTX 2080 Ti at 4K (as examined right here) is analogous in efficiency phrases to a GTX 1660 operating at 1080p. Greater resolutions, like 1440p and 4K, ought to be extra depending on graphics horsepower – particularly within the difficult video games we have chosen – however variations from processor to processor can nonetheless pop up so it is essential to incorporate these outcomes as effectively.

Earlier than we get into the meat and potatoes of our evaluation, just a few phrases of warning. Nonetheless effectively we design and implement our CPU evaluations, we are able to solely take a look at – as Richard Leadbetter places it – “a tiny microscopic speck of the vary of gameplay situations a CPU will undergo.” With that in thoughts, we would encourage you to learn and watch different evaluations as effectively, to get a extra complete understanding of how effectively these processors carry out. With that mentioned, let’s get into the outcomes – beginning with three difficult recently-released video games.

AMD Ryzen 3 3100/3300X evaluation

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