LSU’s adoption of, and success with, unfold offense rules within the 2019 faculty soccer season signaled the top of the unfold offense’s revolutionary life cycle. To commemorate the second, let’s look again on the 25 most vital and definitive video games from the unfold revolution.
Dec. 19, 1980: BYU 46, SMU 45
In 1980, Hal Mumme was quarterbacks coach at West Texas A&M, asking existential questions on how the passing sport might be deployed and why folks did not use it extra. In keeping with S.C. Gwynne’s “The Good Cross,” watching LaVell Edwards’ BYU workforce rating three touchdowns in 4 minutes to beat an old-school, power-heavy SMU workforce — in one of many sport’s biggest video games, no much less — whereas gaining 446 yards by means of the air and dropping 2 yards on the bottom, was all of the proof of idea Mumme wanted.
A variety of the school soccer universe continued to see BYU’s pass-happy offense as gimmicky indirectly, even because the Cougars received the 1984 nationwide title and beat nearly all the sport’s blue bloods, from Miami to Penn State to Oklahoma to Notre Dame, over the course of about 15 years. Mumme would go on to function UTEP’s offensive coordinator and as a highschool coach earlier than lastly touchdown a collegiate head-coaching job and getting to really implement his imaginative and prescient.
Sept. 23, 1989: Iowa Wesleyan 49, Grinnell 7
Mumme’s first victory as Iowa Wesleyan’s head coach was a mission assertion. Grinnell ran a standard offense and had overwhelmed Wesleyan the 12 months earlier than, however as Gwynne writes in “Good Cross,” Wesleyan “destroyed them, 49-7, finishing 30 of 50 go makes an attempt for 408 yards and 6 touchdowns. To place these numbers into perspective, that very same 12 months NFL groups averaged 18 passes per sport out of 32 makes an attempt for 211 yards.” The seed had formally been planted.
Dec. 11, 1993: East Central 49, Glenville State 35
Wealthy Rodriguez grew to become head coach at Glenville State in West Virginia on the age of 26, and with few folks within the stands and little strain, he adopted his nostril, and a few sound logic, to some new concepts. He selected a quick tempo for his offense as a result of he hated defending the two-minute drill as a defensive again at West Virginia. He put his quarterback within the shotgun as a result of, as he advised me in a 2014 interview, “We had a shorter quarterback, and I assumed I may get 5 dumpy linemen who may get run over slowly,” subsequently giving his QB extra time and house to throw. He found the zone learn when his quarterback bobbled the snap on an inside zone handoff and tucked the ball and ran for a pleasant acquire as a substitute.
In 1993, his Pioneers rode these ideas to the NAIA championship sport. Sadly, East Central’s decidedly old-school offense — fullback Tyler Jack ran for 318 yards within the title sport — received the day, and a protection coordinated by a younger coach named Todd Graham made simply sufficient stops. 20 years later, Rodriguez and Graham would coach towards one another once more, as rivals at Arizona and Arizona State.
Oct. 4, 1997: Kentucky 40, Alabama 34
After three years at Iowa Wesleyan and 5 at Valdosta State, Mumme was employed away by Kentucky in 1997. (C.M. Newton, the UK athletic director on the time, will get a spot within the unfold offense corridor of fame for this large roll of the cube.)
It took Mumme solely a few month to make an enormous impression. In entrance of what was then the second-largest crowd within the historical past of UK’s Commonwealth Stadium, Anwar Stewart returned a blocked area purpose 68 yards late in regulation, Tim Sofa linked with Craig Yeast for a 26-yard rating within the first additional time (he threw for 355 yards on the day), and the Wildcats beat the Crimson Tide for the primary time since 1922.
Because the Montgomery Advertiser’s John Zenor put it the subsequent morning, “Instances change. Typically they alter regularly, typically with the complete drive of a barreling Mack truck.” Mumme could not set up a lot program momentum in Lexington, however others would quickly efficiently unfold the gospel.
Oct. 10, 1998: Wisconsin 31, Purdue 24
Thanks partly to 127 yards from sophomore sensation Ron Dayne, Wisconsin beat a sport Purdue squad to maneuver to 6-Zero in an eventual Rose Bowl marketing campaign. However all anyone may discuss was one other sophomore: Drew Brees, Purdue’s quarterback and the purpose guard for Joe Tiller’s “basketball on grass” system. The Boilermakers would go on to upset perhaps one of the best Kansas State workforce ever in a basic Alamo Bowl. However this sport’s on the record as a result of Brees threw an NCAA-record 83 passes, finishing 55 (additionally a document) for 494 yards. (He additionally threw 4 interceptions, which turned the sport, however that is neither right here nor there.)
Two years later, the pass-happy Boilermakers would go to the Rose Bowl for the primary time in additional than three a long time.
Dec. 31, 1998: Tulane 41, BYU 27
New Tulane coach Tommy Bowden promoted Rodriguez from the small-school ranks, and in his first season as offensive coordinator in New Orleans, he improved Tulane’s scoring common by 15 factors per sport and flipped a 2-9 workforce to 7-4. In 1998, the Inexperienced Wave surged to 12-Zero and 45 factors per sport.
Their Liberty Bowl victory was symbolic, coming because it did towards Edwards’ BYU. “BYU has by no means performed a workforce like ours on offense,” Tulane quarterback Shaun King stated after throwing for 276 yards and dashing for 109. The sport additionally passed off with out Bowden, who had already accepted the Clemson job. Rodriguez joined him, and inside two years Clemson’s Woody Dantzler had develop into the primary quarterback to go for two,000 yards and rush for 1,000 in the identical season.
Oct. 7, 2000: Oklahoma 63, Texas 14
Having skilled how irritating Mumme’s Air Raid system was to defend, former Florida defensive coordinator Bob Stoops employed Mumme’s offensive coordinator, Mike Leach, as his personal OC when he took the Oklahoma job in 1999. OU instantly surged from 115th to sixth in scoring offense, and Leach grew to become Texas Tech’s head coach after only one season in Norman.
The offense he left behind, now coordinated by Mark Mangino (and a smidge extra balanced), continued to roll. Within the Purple River Rivalry in Dallas, Josh Heupel threw for 275 yards, operating again Quentin Griffin scored six touchdowns and OU went up 35-Zero simply Three minutes, 30 seconds into the second quarter. The Sooners beat No. 2 Kansas State in Manhattan the subsequent week, then returned house and beat No. 1 Nebraska by 17. Two months later, they took down Florida State within the Orange Bowl to win the nationwide title simply two years after going 5-6.
Nov. 4, 2000: Northwestern 54, Michigan 51
After a 3-Eight debut marketing campaign, Northwestern coach Randy Walker and offensive coordinator Kevin Wilson knew their I-formation assault simply wasn’t going to have the our bodies to compete within the Massive Ten. They wanted a tactical benefit. Wilson visited Rodriguez at Clemson within the spring of 2000, studying how you can function what nonetheless amounted to an influence run sport, solely with tempo and with the quarterback as a keeper menace.
The consequences have been fast: Northwestern improved from 110th to 10th in scoring offense, and towards a still-mighty Michigan, the Wildcats rushed for 332 yards and threw for 322 over 90 snaps, outscoring the exhausted Wolverines 18-6 within the fourth quarter.
Wilson: “I believe after we did that, folks have been like, ‘Wait a minute now, this isn’t a gimmick.’ I believe folks took observe of that one. These blue guys? They have been statistically one of many higher defenses going into that sport. It wasn’t like that was some crap Michigan workforce. That was an excellent workforce. The unfold groups that are not bodily? That is a gimmick. Although we modified all the things [that offseason], we window-dressed all the things, it was nonetheless energy, it was nonetheless downhill operating.” And it received Northwestern a share of the Massive Ten title.
Sept. 14, 2002: Bowling Inexperienced 53, Missouri 28
One other department on the unfold tree started to develop in 2001 when Bowling Inexperienced named former Notre Dame receivers coach City Meyer as head coach. The Falcons hadn’t loved a profitable season in seven years however instantly rose to 8-3.
Meyer and a employees that featured eventual successor Gregg Brandon and future Mississippi State and Florida head coach Dan Mullen crafted an offense round ahead-of-his-time quarterback Josh Harris, and the offense ignited. BGSU averaged 41 factors per sport in 2002 and totally destroyed a Missouri workforce seeing its personal offensive renaissance with quarterback Brad Smith (who would ultimately develop into the primary quarterback to common a 2,000/1,000 season over his profession). Harris threw for 311 yards, rushed for 66 and caught a 34-yard landing go from receiver Cole Magner.
By the subsequent season, Meyer had taken the Utah head job. Two years and an unbeaten season later, he was at Florida, the place he would win two nationwide titles.
Nov. 16, 2006: West Virginia 45, Pitt 27
After two prolific years at Clemson, Rodriguez was employed to steer his alma mater, and he had the Mountaineers at 9-Four by his second season. They took shares of the Massive East title in 2003-04 and, with a freshman backfield — quarterback Pat White, operating again Steve Slaton — went 11-1 in 2005, torching Georgia within the Sugar Bowl. The subsequent season, Slaton and White broke one other “that should not be attainable” barrier: In an 18-point romp over rival Pitt, White threw for 204 yards and rushed for 220, whereas Slaton rushed for 215 and caught six passes for 130. That was 14 years in the past and stays a staggering feat.
WVU would go on to win 11 video games in 2006 and get to inside one win of the BCS Championship in 2007, however Pitt would get its revenge, irritating a hobbled White and besting the Mountaineers 13-9 in a basic upset.
Sept. 8, 2007: Oregon 39, Michigan 7
Nearly in a single day, Chip Kelly grew to become the standard-bearer for the up-tempo unfold. Employed away from New Hampshire as Mike Bellotti’s offensive coordinator earlier than the 2007 season, he had the Geese averaging 43 factors per sport 9 video games into the season. His second sport was maybe most memorable: In Ann Arbor, towards Lloyd Carr’s final Wolverines workforce, Dennis Dixon threw for 292 yards, Jonathan Stewart and Jeremiah Johnson mixed for 200 dashing yards, and Dixon rushed for 76 whereas scoring on essentially the most beautiful faux Statue of Liberty play of all time.
The Geese have been primed for a spot in 2007’s nationwide title sport till Dixon tore his ACL in November. Three years later, with Kelly as head coach, they’d certainly make the title sport.
Nov. 24, 2007: Missouri 36, Kansas 28
You desire a signal that faculty soccer has been turned on its head? How about Missouri and Kansas enjoying for the No. 1 rating within the BCS standings?
Because of QB accidents and an enormous run of upsets — Stanford over USC, Illinois over Ohio State, Kentucky and Arkansas over LSU, Texas Tech over Oklahoma, and so forth. — the 2007 title race was perhaps essentially the most wide-open within the sport’s historical past. When Mizzou and Kansas met at Kansas Metropolis’s Arrowhead Stadium, they have been a mixed 21-1, and the winner could be positioned for a shot within the nationwide title sport. Quickly-to-be Heisman finalist Chase Daniel accomplished 40 of 49 passes and Mizzou took a 28-7 lead into the fourth quarter earlier than weathering a late cost. The Sports activities Illustrated cowl that week learn, “Mizzou, that is who.”
(This being faculty soccer, the oligarchy shortly struck again. Oklahoma used a second-half run to cruise previous Mizzou within the Massive 12 title sport, and thanks additionally to WVU’s loss to Pitt, heavyweights LSU and Ohio State performed for the nationwide title. The minnows of the world will at all times have November 2007, although.)
Nov. 1, 2008: Texas Tech 39, Texas 33
Fast word-association sport: Once I say “4 verticals,” what do you consider? The percentages are fairly good you thought, “Harrell to Crabtree.”
In his ninth season at Texas Tech, Mike Leach discovered a breakthrough. With a blue-chip quarterback (Graham Harrell) and one of the best receiver in faculty soccer (Michael Crabtree), the Purple Raiders started 2008 10-0, thanks partly to this basic. They raced to a 19-Zero lead towards top-ranked Texas, however the Longhorns clawed again and took a 33-32 lead with 89 seconds remaining. Eighty-eight seconds later, Crabtree scored operating 4 Verticals, perhaps the one most enduring and devastating route mixture of the period.
On Nov. 1, 2008, Michael Crabtree catches a landing go within the last seconds to win the sport for Texas Tech over Texas.
Tech rose to second within the polls and demolished No. Eight Oklahoma State to arrange what would develop into a winner-take-all matchup towards Oklahoma for the Massive 12 South crown.
Nov. 22, 2008: Oklahoma 65, Texas Tech 21
In 2002, Kevin Wilson left Northwestern to take the offensive co-coordinator job at Oklahoma. He grew to become solo OC just a few years later, and in 2008 his Sooners assault went on essentially the most devastating offensive run up to now.
“I keep in mind Kirk Herbstreit known as me within the preseason,” Wilson says, “and I stated, hear, we will do that no-huddle stuff, however we will be totally different. We’re not going to be like Northwestern and going unfold on a regular basis. I bought Jermaine Gresham, and he is gonna play each within the slot and at tight finish. I bought DeMarco Murray, he is gonna play tailback and play within the slot. I bought this child named Brody Eldridge, and he is gonna play fullback and tight finish. I am gonna go from large to little with out substituting, and I am gonna go quick as crap. I believe we have got an opportunity to be form of totally different.”
Every little thing current-day offensive coordinators are trying to do, mixing formations and tempos to create mismatches, the 2008 Sooners did in droves. They averaged 48 factors per sport by means of eight video games, then in some way discovered one other gear, scoring 60-plus for 5 consecutive weeks. (It may have been six straight, as Wilson factors out: “We have been beating Kansas State 55-Three at halftime, however we simply kicked a area purpose within the second half.”)
This was the excitement noticed Tech bumped into late in 2008. “Let me let you know about Mike [Leach]’s groups,” Wilson says. “When Mike’s groups are good, they’re bodily they usually’re soiled they usually play nice, and that was a rattling good workforce. They have been a extremely scorching workforce, and we have been simply the warmer workforce. With the no-huddle and the unfold — kinda just like the [UNLV] Runnin’ Rebels in basketball — for those who get chilly typically you possibly can look fairly rattling dangerous, however whenever you’re operating … whenever you get scorching … it may be enjoyable.” A spectacular understatement.
Nov. 22, 2008: Abilene Christian 93, West Texas A&M 68
Whereas the FBS was experiencing an offensive renaissance in 2008, as tends to be the case, the actually wild stuff was occurring on the decrease ranges. Within the second spherical of the Division II playoffs, Abilene Christian and West Texas A&M placed on a daft show of 161 factors and 1,531 yards. This could have been high-scoring for a basketball sport. ACU led 42-34 at halftime and used a 37-POINT THIRD QUARTER to distance itself.
Abilene Christian’s Bernard Scott rushed for 292 yards and 6 scores, and Billy Malone accomplished 16 of 25 passes for 383 yards and 6 touchdowns to 6 totally different receivers (together with Scott). A&M’s Keith Null went 42-for-63 for 595 and 7 touchdowns; 14 of these completions went to Charly Martin, who gained 323 yards and scored 5 occasions. Maybe the most important shock: There have been 4 punts!
A&M’s head coach on the time? Don Carthel, UTEP’s offensive-line coach when Mumme was the offensive coordinator. Every little thing ties collectively.
Jan. 8, 2009: Florida 24, Oklahoma 14
In a nationwide title matchup of two of the unfold’s early adopters, City Meyer’s Gators discovered an edge.
Oklahoma managed the primary half, however Florida made two goal-line stands — a fourth-down cease and a deflected interception — to purchase itself time. Within the second half, Florida’s Tim Tebow (231 passing yards, 109 dashing yards) and Percy Harvin (171 whole yards dashing and receiving) took over. Florida took a 17-14 lead early within the fourth quarter and, after one other interception in its territory, iced the title with a seven-minute, 76-yard landing drive. The Sooners had the formations and tempo, however the Gators had the run sport and one of the best secondary Oklahoma had confronted all season.
Jan. 4, 2012: West Virginia 70, Clemson 33
This sport had an impression in each the current and future tenses. First, it supplied proof of idea for Dana Holgorsen, former Iowa Wesleyan receiver beneath Mumme and former Texas Tech assistant beneath Leach. He had taken over for Invoice Stewart, Rodriguez’s successor at WVU when Rodriguez left for Michigan, and in his first season he led the Mountaineers to 10 wins and a demonstrative Orange Bowl victory. (And due to one of many performs WVU dominated with, it additionally launched the world to Bob Stitt, the mad-scientist head coach at Colorado College of Mines on the time and a soon-to-be cult favourite amongst spread-heads.)
Over time, WVU’s victory additionally grew to become identified for the chain of occasions it put into movement. Clemson head coach Dabo Swinney fired defensive coordinator Kevin Steele, changing him with Oklahoma’s Brent Venables, who went on to craft some of the trendy and dynamic defenses in faculty soccer. Steele, in the meantime, went again to the drafting board and emerged on the finish of the last decade as one other one of many sport’s simplest defensive coaches at Auburn. Failure stays life’s greatest instructor.
Nov. 10, 2012: Texas A&M 29, Alabama 24
Convention realignment ran roughshod firstly of the 2010s, within the course of permitting us to reply what was till then a hypothetical query: Can a Massive 12 offense win within the imply, mighty SEC?
Sure. The reply is at all times sure.
Maybe you favor the symbolism of Massive 12 transplant Missouri reaching the SEC title sport, and almost the BCS Championship, in its second season within the league. However for sheer starkness, it is laborious to high Texas A&M, with its slippery redshirt freshman quarterback (Johnny Manziel) and a coach with a sterling unfold pedigree (Kevin Sumlin) beating the defending nationwide champs in Tuscaloosa.
Revisit Texas A&M’s upset of No. 1 Alabama in 2012 and the sport that turned Johnny Manziel right into a legend.
A&M scored on its first three drives to take a 20-Zero lead. The Crimson Tide minimize the deficit to 3 within the fourth quarter, however the unflinching Aggies scored twice and compelled two turnovers to seal the victory. A&M would go on to win 11 video games, and Manziel would develop into the primary freshman to win the Heisman.
Nov. 7, 2013: Baylor 41, Oklahoma 12
Essentially the most spectacular factor about this sport wasn’t the 29-point scoring margin — it was the actual fact the Baylor offense did not even play all that nicely. The Bears got here into the sport averaging 69 factors per sport (!) and 9.Zero yards per play and managed merely 41 and 5.7, respectively, towards the convention’s standard-bearer.
The Thursday evening, prime-time humiliation of a school soccer blue blood was the excessive level for Artwork Briles’ tenure at Baylor. By means of his personal interpretation of the Air Raid — which stretched defenses out even additional, and created extra large performs than nearly some other offense ever — the previous Leach assistant and profitable highschool head coach had resurrected a moribund program and introduced a Heisman to Waco, Texas, by means of the exploits of quarterback Robert Griffin III. Then, with Bryce Petty behind heart in 2013, the Bears have been much more harmful, no less than till a street letdown towards Oklahoma State knocked them from nationwide title competition.
Nov. 30, 2013: Auburn 34, Alabama 28
The run-pass choice — or “POP” go, as some known as it on the time — launched itself into the lexicon in one of many biggest video games in faculty soccer’s illustrious historical past. Whereas we keep in mind the 2013 Iron Bowl because the Kick Six because of Chris Davis’ last-second, 109-yard return of a missed area purpose, what occurred 32 seconds of motion earlier in all probability had a extra lasting impact: Auburn quarterback Nick Marshall stored the ball on what seemed to be a zone learn, however simply as he appeared to be crossing the road of scrimmage, he threw the ball to Sammie Coates, who raced down the sideline for a 39-yard landing.
Gus Malzahn was a famend highschool coach and offensive thoughts who had served as Auburn’s offensive coordinator through the Tigers’ nationwide title run in 2010. In simply his 12th sport as AU’s head coach, he had already made a endlessly contribution to varsity soccer lore. Auburn received the SEC title and almost beat Florida State within the BCS title sport.
Oct. 22, 2016: Oklahoma 66, Texas Tech 59
By the mid-2010s, unfold rules reminiscent of tempo and the zone learn had lengthy since develop into a part of the material of the game, and RPOs have been taking on, to the extent that even a seemingly old-school workforce like Penn State was driving them to a Massive Ten title. However the Massive 12 was nonetheless determining methods to push the envelope, by no means greater than on this ridiculous quarterback battle between Oklahoma’s future No. 1 decide Baker Mayfield and Texas Tech’s future NFL MVP Patrick Mahomes.
Mayfield threw for 545 yards and 7 touchdowns, the Sooners’ Joe Mixon gained 377 mixed dashing and receiving yards and Dede Westbrook caught 9 balls for 202. On the opposite facet of the sphere, Mahomes accomplished 52 of 88 passes and was credited with 85 dashing yards. The groups mixed for 185 snaps and 1,702 yards (precisely 854 every), and OU principally received as a result of it scored touchdowns on its last six possessions, whereas Tech did so on solely its last 5. Whenever you mix unmatched offensive expertise with almost good offensive schemes (and, sure, an absence of matching defensive expertise), that is what occurs.
Baker Mayfield and Patrick Mahomes traded blows in a record-setting sport in 2016, during which the 2 QBs mixed for 1,383 passing and dashing yards.
Jan. 9, 2017: Clemson 35, Alabama 31
Early in 2012, after going through an up-tempo Ole Miss assault (that might go on to beat his workforce in each 2014 and 2015), Alabama coach Nick Saban famously requested, “Is that this what we wish soccer to be?” The joke since is that he wasn’t asking out of exasperation — he was merely wanting to verify earlier than adopting unfold rules himself. He employed Lane Kiffin to modernize his assault, and Bama received the 2015 nationwide title with it. However in 2016, Bama bought outflanked by one other gaudy unfold interpretation.
The Tide took a 24-14 lead into the fourth quarter, however Swinney’s Clemson was controlling the soccer, ultimately snapping the ball 99 occasions to Bama’s 66, and even a protection as deep as Saban’s wilted. The Tigers scored early within the fourth quarter, then drove 156 yards in beneath 4 minutes on their last two possessions. Deshaun Watson, 36-for-56 for 420 yards total, hit Hunter Renfrow for a 2-yard rating with one second left, and Clemson had its first title in 36 years.
Jan. 8, 2018: Alabama 26, Georgia 23
It was known as “Seattle” within the Alabama playbook. Normally parlance, although, it was 4 Verticals.
Tua Tagovailoa throws an ideal go to DeVonta Smith for a 41-yard TD in OT, giving the Crimson Tide their fifth nationwide championship beneath Nick Saban.
When faculty soccer’s dominant program has adopted your base rules, the battle is received.
Nov. 19, 2018: Los Angeles Rams 54, Kansas Metropolis Chiefs 48
We typically overstate the “college-ification” of the NFL — the NFL’s blocking guidelines make RPO choices a bit extra restricted, NFL defenses adjusted nearly in a single day to slowing tempo groups reminiscent of Chip Kelly’s Philadelphia Eagles, and there are at all times schematic variations when there are fewer expertise benefits to come back by.
That stated, the offensive expertise trickling up into the NFL has been spread-oriented for some time, and it is had an apparent impact, by no means greater than on this sport. Perhaps the 2 most at present famend offensive head coaches within the league (Kansas Metropolis’s Andy Reid and Los Angeles’ Sean McVay) have been on the helm as two former Air Raid stars (Texas Tech’s Mahomes and Cal’s Jared Goff, coached in faculty, respectively, by former Tech quarterback Kliff Kingsbury and former Tech assistant Sonny Dykes) mixed to throw for 891 yards and 10 touchdowns.
This was as near a Massive 12-style shootout as you are going to see within the NFL, and it isn’t a coincidence that it’s also thought to be some of the entertaining video games in league historical past.
Nov. 9, 2019: LSU 46, Alabama 41
Amongst faculty soccer’s ruling class, LSU was one of many last unfold holdouts, persevering with to deploy Massive Burly Manball by means of the Les Miles period and into the primary years of Ed Orgeron’s tenure. Orgeron proclaimed a need for modernization however could not get all of the items put collectively at first. However oh, did all the things come collectively in 2019.
With veteran quarterback Joe Burrow, some of the proficient receiving corps you will ever see and a few added vitality within the playbook supplied by new assistant Joe Brady, LSU put collectively perhaps one of the best offensive season of all time. Regardless of enjoying half of the season’s-end SP+ high 10, the Tigers led the nation with 48 factors and 568 yards per sport. Burrow posted FBS’ first 200 passer score, finishing 76% of his passes for five,671 yards, 60 touchdowns and solely six interceptions.
Bama prevented large performs higher than most towards LSU and sacked Burrow 5 occasions, however Burrow nonetheless accomplished 31 of 39 passes, and Clyde Edwards-Helaire gained a mixed 180 yards on 29 rushes and receptions. The Tigers bolted to a first-half lead, and though the Crimson Tide charged again, reducing a 20-point deficit to 1 rating thrice within the fourth quarter, LSU responded with landing drives every time. The Tigers have been pressured to deploy their huge arsenal to win, they usually did so.